"the neurological process that organizes sensation from one's own body and from the environment and makes it possible to use the body effectively within the environment.”
by Dr. A. Jean Ayers
In short it refers to the way “the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses.”
The senses are touch, sound, sight, taste & smell. Also vestibular (movement & balance sense) & proprioception (joint or muscle sense) are other two powerful sense.
For most of us, sensory integration occurs without conscious thought or effort. For others, sensory integration happens inefficiently.
For example, a child who has difficulty integrating touch input may avoid unpleasant touch experiences such as getting his hands messy with paint, sand, or glue, while another child may crave such touch input and actively seek it out.
- SI therapy by qualified occupational therapist aims to educate teachers, parents, and older children about sensory integration and to develop strategies to adapt to and compensate for dysfunction such as:
- traditional sensory integrative therapy on 1:1 basis,
- environmental modifications,
- adaptations to daily routines,
- changes in how people interact with the child,
- sensory diet (specific sensory activities according to each child’s individual needs).